Global warming is an aspect of climate change referring to the long-term rising of the average temperature on Earth. It has to do with the overall climate of the Earth rather than the weather on any given day.
As the human population increases, its energy needs increase accordingly. The effort to cover those needs in combination with our inability as a species to use renewable energy sources effectively, has led to the burning of vast amounts of fossil fuels. Fossil
fuels include coal, oil, and natural gas. The burning of these materials releases into the atmosphere gases that absorb some of the sun’s heat, slowly making the earth warmer. These gases are known as greenhouse gases and their effect on the earth’s
temperature is known as the greenhouse effect. Since the Industrial Revolution,greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere have steadily increased, aggravating the issue.
The planet is getting hotter, and we can see extreme increases in the global annual temperature over the years. The Earth’s average surface temperature has increased by about 1.0°C (1.8°F) since the late 1800s. This phenomenon is more evident in the Arctic pole during its cool seasons and in Earth’s mid-latitude regions during the warm seasons.
Many climate scientists agree that if the global average temperature increased by more than 2 °C (3.6 °F) in such a short period, societal severe, economic, and ecological harm would follow. A few degrees make a huge difference in the planet’s vital signs