When it comes to sustainable transportation, microcontrollers can help in the development of sustainable transportation systems such as electric and hybrid vehicles. They can be used, for example, to control and monitor the motor and battery management systems of electric vehicles, optimising their performance and extending their range.tex

A microcontroller can monitor the speed and torque of the electric motor and adjust it to improve efficiency and increase the range of the vehicle. Additionally, they can also be used to monitor and control the use of energy, helping to reduce costs by ensuring
that the vehicle is only using the energy that it needs. In terms of battery management, microcontrollers can be used to monitor and control the charging and discharging of the battery in real time, allowing for adjustments to be made quickly and efficiently in
order to optimise performance. For example, a microcontroller can monitor the battery’s charge state and adjust the charging schedule to ensure that the battery is always at the optimal charge level.

Microcontrollers can also be used to monitor and control the battery’s temperature, helping to reduce the risk of overheating and extend the battery’s life.

To sum up, using microcontrollers in electric and hybrid vehicles can significantly improve efficiency, range, and emissions. By providing the ability to control and monitor powertrain and battery management systems in real-time, microcontrollers can help optimise performance and reduce the environmental impact of these vehicles. This, in turn, can help accelerate the adoption of electric and hybrid vehicles, reducing dependence on fossil fuels and contributing to a cleaner environment.