Sprinkler irrigation is a method of irrigation that simulates rain by applying water to the plants and soil surface in the form of droplets. It is a method where water is distributed through a system of pipes and valves, and then it is forced through small
nozzles that are mounted on moving or stationary sprinklers. This method is best suited for hilly and uneven terrain, and it is also useful for the irrigation of crops that are sensitive to waterlogging.
Conventional sprinkler irrigation is one of the most widely used irrigation methods in the world due to its versatility, as it can be used on a wide variety of crops.
In general, conventional irrigation systems do not irrigate the whole area at once, thus reducing the cost of installing the system and the need for a lower flow of water to irrigate the desired area. The water is pumped from a source (rivers, lakes, underground
wells, etc.) and is distributed through a network of pipes and sprayed into the air in the form of small droplets. The formation of drops is obtained by passing water under pressure through holes in pipes or mechanical devices called sprinklers or sprays. One
very modern adaptation of sprinkler irrigation is the so-called “centre pivot” irrigation. This method is often used in wide, flat areas in the United States, and consists of a system of sprinklers mounted on a moving platform that sprinkles water in a circular
pattern. This method is particularly useful for large-scale irrigation, such as for commercial crops, as it allows for efficient coverage over a large area. Additionally, with the use of sophisticated sensors and control systems, it is now possible to control the amount of water and the timing of irrigation with great precision, in order to optimise water use and minimise waste. This can be especially beneficial in regions where water is scarce, as it allows farmers to make the most efficient use of their resources.
Sprinkler irrigation is a powerful and versatile method of irrigation that is widely used in many different types of farming operations, and with the advent of new technologies, it is becoming an even more efficient and sustainable method of irrigation